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The article considers the panegyric poetry of the second half of the XVIII century. The main genome of the panegyric poetry of the XVIII century was a solemn ode. From the middle of the XVIII century, not only significant state events (the birth of the firstborn in the imperial family, military victories, name days, the anniversary of the accession to the throne of the reigning person), but also the celebrations of such events (illumination, fireworks) became the subject of odes and panegyrics. As the declamation genre of the ode was thought to be pronounced (although more often it was "presented") and followed the rules of oratory or "oratory action". The study of panegyric poetry sheds light not only to the cult of Russian monarchs, but also on the political mentality of their subjects, since it is a non-critical variety of political literature.

As a part of this study, the emphasis was made on the works of literature dedicated to the imperial family, in particular the birth of the heir to the throne, while taking into account not only the panegyric tradition, but also the material of the informal and everyday literature, clarifying the living attitude of contemporaries.

Key words

Poetry, XVIII century, mythoistore, panegyrics, ode.