The article deals with the attitude to the war of V. I. Maikov-Mason on the example of the eponymous ode, which, being a continuation of the moral and poet’s philosophical quest, reflected the main ideological postulates of Freemasonry: the desire for equality, fraternity, freedom. Тhe article examines not only the ideal of social, but also family life, which is reflected in the longing of all mankind for a “golden age”. In the course of the analysis, the Christian ideology, which in Russia was closely associated with the Masonic one, is considered; the features of the ode genre transformed by the poet are investigated. In the course of the analysis of the poetic text, such methodological tools as the analysis of external relations of the literary text were used: historical-cultural, comparative. During the analysis of external relations, contextual analysis, microanalysis, and the study of critical literature about the work were used. As a result, some images-symbols of the ode are specified, the moral and philosophical motives of the pacifist ode, which influenced the transformation of the genre of solemn ode and battle poetry, are considered. The research results can be widely used: for linguistic and stylistic analysis of the poetic text; special courses and seminars in higher educational institutions and secondary education institutions dedicated to Russian poetry as well.
Russian poetry of the XVIII century, Masonic poets, battle ode in classicism, pacifist lyrics, Masonic symbolism.