The relevance of the issue under consideration is explained by the fact that there are no special works in which the lexico-semantic composition, syntagmatic properties of different epithets in the works of V. K. Trediakovsky are studied. The article analyzes epithets in poems created in 1725–1730 and published in the collection «Poems for different occasions».
The main morphological way of expressing an epithet are adjectives, the number of participles is insignificant. Along with the full forms in the texts, truncated ones are also used, characteristic of the poetic language of the 18-th century. The main place of the epithet in relation to the main word in the phrase is the contact pre- and postposition. The structure of combinations is a combination of a single epithet and a defined word. There are isolated formations that include several epithets with the main word. Due to the dominance of the adjective as an epithet, these words have become the main object of lexico-semantic and stylistic analysis. Adjectival vocabulary is diverse in its meaning and stylistic affiliation and appears in combination with definable words denoting different objects, phenomena, concepts. Epithets that characterize a person differ in generality and conventionality. Adjectives describing objects of the natural world have the same properties. Noteworthy is the absence in the repertoire of epithet units of words with the meaning of sensory (visual, auditory, tactile) perception. Slavonisms stand out among stylistically colored epithets. The author also regularly uses epithet vocabulary characteristic of the folk poetic language, while there is a repetition of individual words in texts of different subjects. Some combinations with the epithet are individually authored.
The full composition of epithets, their role and place among artistic and visual means in the poetic language of V. K. Trediakovsky has yet to be studied and described.
V. K. Trediakovsky, 18 century, epithet, lexical and semantic characteristics, stylistics of a literary text.