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DOI 10.52172/2587-6945_2022_19_1_111


Humanity first encountered globalization (at least in education) in the 12th-13th centuries, when the emergence of universities made it possible to create a common European educational space. In Russia, similar processes began in the 18th century, after Peter the Great signed a decree establishing the Academy of Sciences with a university and a gymnasium. By the middle of the 19th century the country had a university system consisting only of the state (emperor) educational institutions under the supervision of the Ministry of Public Education that system was subject to a very strict general Statute. The secular nature of education, the absence of theological faculties traditional for Europe, the wide class representation of students, and the initial connection of education with scientific research were the reason why universities began to play an increasingly important role in the cultural and social life of the regions. The article considers some aspects of the functioning of the Warsaw Emperor University in the 19th century (related primarily to inter-ethnic relations, state national policy and religious education) and analyzes how the established traditions were preserved after the evacuation of the staff to Rostov-on-Don in 1915. Attention is also paid to the processes currently underway at Southern Federal University (the successor to Warsaw-Rostov University). These include the implementation of programs of study in "Theology", the university's influence on strengthening inter-ethnic relations and harmonization of inter-ethnic relations in the region, the increase in the activities on the international market of educational services, everything that allows it to successfully fit into the global educational process.


Universities of Russia, Higher Education, Warsaw Emperor University, Rostov State University, Southern Federal University.