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DOI 10.52172/2587-6945_2021_17_3_13


This research is devoted to the refinement of the lexical norms of nouns and adjectives for the Golden Age of Russian poetry and the determination of the lexical norms of the Silver Age. A lexical norm is understood as the most frequent lexemes appearing in the poems.

The question of the lexical norm of 14 poets from Pushkin’s time, the Golden Age of Russian poetry, was raised and solved in a first approximation by the Norwegian linguist G. Kјetsaa in the 1980s [11, 27, 28]. Recently the same method was applied to determine the lexical norm of poets from the 21st century – fourteen Russian and ten Russian speaking poets living abroad [8]. But a more precise lexical norm for the Golden Age, the lexical norms of poets of the Silver Age, the second half of the 20th century and the question of finding a unified lexical norm of four epochs of Russian poetry remained unstudied.

In this article the method is explained and a more precise lexical norm for nouns and adjectives used by poets of the Golden Age is found. Moreover, for the first time a lexical norm for the Silver Age is determined. It is shown which lexemes in the poetic language are key and which are thematic. The unified lexical norm found is compared with the core of the poetic language of A. Pushkin, M. Tsvetaeva, and J. Brodsky.

Examples of how the lexical norm of the poetic language can be supplemented and refined by including the vocabulary of other poets are given, and a comparative analysis of the lexical norms of three epochs of Russian poetry is carried out.

Key words

Lexical norm, Golden Age, Silver Age, nouns and adjectives, comparative analysis, freq of word use, lexeme, token, Pushkin, Tsvetaeva, Brodsky, poets of the 21st century, core of poetic language, poetic text corpus of Russian, lexical norm of the Silver Age of Russian poetry.