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DOI 10.52172/2587-6945_2021_17_3_134


This article focuses on metaphors related to the topic of the disease in camp prose, in particular, in the novel by A.I. Solzhenitsyn "One Day of Ivan Denisovich" and in the novel by Imre Kertesz "Fatelessness". There are examples through which both similarities and differences of material processing are presented. The methodological basis of this study dates back to A.A. Potebnya’s theory of the trails which is one of the most complete and relevant today. According to this theory, the correlation of image and meaning can distinguish three groups of word formation or changes in meanings. The peculiarity of the metaphor is revealed in the likeness, which is created in spite of the differences shown in the newly and previously marked signs. This approach is present as a new combination and a replacement. As a result of the analysis of the texts, it turns out that the story of the Russian writer is dominated by verb metaphors and similes, which refer more to cold than to diseases, as a fundamental metaphor of the world of labor camp and nature. In the Hungarian novel, the listings are accompanied by the analysis of new ratios in connection with water, cold, human body, metal and things. It turns out that these poetic combinations of objects and images are significantly different from Solzhenitsyn's. Along with the implementation of name-metaphors, there are overwhelmingly identified definition deployments and developed comparisons. They update the poetic inventory of camp prose, the fundamental part of which is also the works of both the Russian and Hungarian Nobel laureates.

Key words

Solzhenitsyn, Kertesz, camp prose, metaphor, disease, cold, body.