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The problem of sacralization of the national principle (expressed in particular in the idea and concept of "Holy Russia") in Russian culture and literature has been and remains very relevant. Often she in has gone in contradiction with Christian doctrine. On the theme of "Holy Russia" wrote Fyodor Ivanovich Tyutchev. He perceived the idea not as a utopia, but as a reality. Through "Holy Russia" the poet tried to define the place and role of Russia in the world. Among the poets who developed the concept of "Holy Russia" in his work, can be called Alexei Stepanovich Khomyakov. He was an artist, publicist but, above all, a philosopher, the founder of Slavophilism. His work is full of philosophical and religious motives. In his works the poet refers to truth, faith, love, prayer. Hamsters were treated the idea of "Holy Russia" is critical. His poetry on the popular for several centuries themes of Holy Russia and the Third Rome is rather the cry of the biblical prophet, a kind of Jeremiah, grief about the sins of "new Jerusalem" than a Eulogy in honor of real (often exaggerated), or imaginary victories and achievements of the Russian (or other) Empire. From a strictly theological point of view, his poetry is close to the artistic (re)presentation of the Christian doctrine (in the purity of its dogmatic understanding); he is talking about the worship of God (adoratio) and veneration of folk shrines. But his voice (the prophet crying in the social desert) was not heard, the poetry was half forgotten. But copper and triumphs continue to resonate in naisseline hectic world.


Christianity vs paganism, Holy Russia, conservatism, Slavophilism, heresy, Orthodoxy, romanticism, political poetry, pan-Slavism, Polish question, national idea