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The article is devoted to actual problem of Russian literary criticism at the turn of the 20th — 21st centuries – the modern reading of M. Gorky`s “The Life of Klim Samgin”, which is final work of classic of Russian literature of the XXth century. The reconstruction of “course” of Russian history allowed the writer to depict the Russian world at the turn of the XIXth and XXth centuries in its integrity and comprehend role of the intelligentsia in the history of Russia. The object of analysis is M. Gorky`s epic “The Life of Klim Samgin (Fourty years)”, which was created by writer in 1927–1936 years. The analysis is carrying out in the aspect of the “mission” of Russian intelligentsia of the turn of century in depiction of M. Gorky, the awareness own historical role of young generation in revolutionary era. The author of this article hypothesizes: the reflecting type of hero-intellectual (Samgin) dictated to writer a special way of narration and principles of organization of epic “The Life of Klim Samgin”: the booklore, intertextual techniques. The reader can observe the transformation, evolution of characters` ideas through Samghin`s perception. Methodology of this article: the author uses a complex of biographic, historical, literary and typological methods in combination with methods for studying intertextual connections.

Key words

Russian literature of XXth century, M. Gorky, «The Life of Klim Samgin», Russian intelligence.