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The inner world of heroes is dynamic and can be conditionally differentiated into stages: emotional experiences, impressions, work of imagination, formation of ideological beliefs. The latter are again subject to emotional perception, which provides a "closed" mental cycle. These stages are variously expressed in heroes as dominant or accompanying, but in conjunction they all determine the complex type of "Dostoevsky’s hero."

In different fields (philosophy, sociology, psychology, literary criticism), the most studied are patterns in the ratio of the emotional worlds of author and hero. The prospects for the development of emotional experience, through impressions, imagination, ideas and a return movement to emotions, make up for ideas about the complexity of mental experience of Dostoevsky's heroes. A review of his novels provides rich material for this.

In "Poor People," mainly the emotional experiences of the central hero, Makar, occasionally lead him to ideas as "free thoughts." In "Crime and Punishment," Raskolnikov's mental world is characterized by a complex interaction of emotions, impressions, work of imagination and theoretical ideas. Prince Myshkin, as a unique hero of the novel "Idiot," is himself an object of emotional attitude on the part of all other characters. They are impressed by him, he wakes up their imagination, they see an deologist in him. But everyone is mistaken, because he turns out to be wider, more diverse and deeper. In the novels "Demons" and "Brothers Karamazov" the author emphasizes the significance of the imagination as a component of the heroes’ mental experience. At the same time, the type of hero-ideologist (Stavrogin and Ivan Karamazov) is artistically complicated here. In the final novel, the harmonious relationship of these factors is given by the author to the image of Alyosha Karamazov. This corresponded to the author’s general plan to make him the protagonist of the conceived dilogy.

Key words

Emotional Experience, Impressions, Imagination, Ideologism, Typification.