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In the article topoi of the ode of M.V. Lomonosov "on accession to the throne of the emperor Pyotr Feodorovich and for New 1762" is analyzed. It is specified that accidental coincidence in time of an event of the nation-wide importance – changes of the power at the end of 1761 – and the event belonging to the sphere natural and existential– changes of years, first, gave to development of the Russian solemn ode a new impulse; secondly, served further development of odic mythology and "personal mythology" of Peter III; and it, thirdly, allowed to broadcast created "myths" in public consciousness. Connection in the ode of two subjects updated the most ancient myth about the dying and reviving god. Topos of "new happiness" came from New Year poetry which existed in Russia about 50 years to a genre of the ode. In language of odic allegories it meant that happiness brought by Time is "distributed" in society by the Monarch. The theme of the New Year involved also motive, habitual for eonic poetry, of "summing up the left year". In the ode it united with habitual for this genre topos "historical succession": reign of the ruling monarch is represented as result of glorious and wise policy of the previous monarchs – Ryurik dynasty, but especially Romanov to whom God patronizes. In solemn odes of the 1740th Lomonosov developed forms of the image of the future, first of all in shape a topos of "Golden Age". New Year wishful thinking organically incorporated the corresponding motives in turn making "action program" for the new monarch. Also successfully assimilated in the ode such eonictopos as "a New Year's prayer". It included odic topoi of "Divine protection to a dynasty of Romanov" and "the righteous, Chosen autocratic power".

Key words

M. V. Lomonosov, theme of Happiness, genre of the solemn ode, odic topoi, New Year (eonic) poetry, mitho-poetics, mitho-politics.